Antagonists aren’t necessarily evil. They are simply characters that oppose — for whatever reason — the protagonists of the novel and/or get in the way of the protagonist achieving his/her goals.
Generally, I draw on my own experience to create protagonists, which means depicting characters similar to people who I have encountered over the years. That doesn’t mean they were necessarily people I have personally clashed with, since my characters don’t all have the same ambitions, much less weaknesses and characteristics, that I have.
In my current work-in-progress, Lancaster Skipper, I have modeled the female antagonist after myself, knowing and recognizing that I have a personality that rubs many people the wrong way. Fiona is ambitious and determined to be taken seriously as a professional at the price of seeming heartless and opinionated. Obviously, I identify with Fiona and like her in many ways, yet she hurts my protagonist and makes her life more difficult. The reader is supposed to side with the female protagonist not Fiona.
In the Jerusalem Trilogy, Balian faces antagonists on two levels. First and most obviously, he faces the Sultan Saladin, who ultimately destroys his entire world. But Saladin is not a personal enemy. He is more a political or professional opponent than an antagonist gnawing at Balian’s soul. Thus, in the novels, Saladin is more a secondary character than an antagonist. Being a complex and controversial historical figure, I sought to portray him as accurately as possible.
Balian's more intimate enemy in the Jerusalem Trilogy, the real antagonist, is his older brother, the historical Baldwin d’Ibelin, Lord of Ramla. Yet even here, despite the fact that Ramla and Balian clash and are in many ways opposites, I seek to explain Ramla’s behavior and expose the emotions that are eating at him and making him act the way he does. Ultimately, I want the reader to understand and sympathize with Ramla too — just not as much as they sympathize with Balian.
Yet arguably the best example of an effective antagonist is John d'Ibelin, the "Old" Lord of Beirut in my Rebels of Outremer Series. The historical John d'Ibelin is an attractive hero -- a legal scholar and leader of men, a man who incurred the wrath of the Holy Roman Emperor for his staunch and unwavering defense of the rule-of-law. Contemporaries praised his wisdom and restraint; modern historians have compared him to St. Louis. Yet, in my series, he is the antagonist of his eldest son -- the impetuous, emotional and not always obedient Balian of Beirut. The interplay between these two very different characters gives the series much of its emotional power. The books would be much less colorful, attractive and realistic without the multifaceted and splendid antagonist.
For more about my Rebels of Outremer series featuring John d'Ibelin and his son Balian see: https://www.helenapschrader.com/rebels-against-tyranny.html
For more about the Jerusalem Trilogy starting with Balian d'Ibelin: Knight of Jerusalem visit: https://www.helenapschrader.com/balian-d-ibelin.html
In addition to playing a role in Lancaster Skipper, Fiona is a character in Lack of Moral Fibre one of three novellas included in Grounded Eagles. To find out more about Grounded Eagles visit: https://www.helenapschrader.com/grounded-eagles.html